Club Facilities

How to Referee Guide

When called upon to referee, do you know what to do?  Avoid embarrassment and learn the rules of refereeing Trap and Skeet!

If you are interested in becoming an ATAC accredited Trap or Skeet Referee, you will need to contact your ATCA state secretary who can put you in contact with the nearest Referee Examiner or Rules Supervisor.  For further information please contact the ACTA office on (02) 6938-2121.

Download a copy of our Guidelines for Referees - Trap & Skeet.


Guidelines for Referees - Trap & Skeet


1)    Read shooters’ names from squad sheets and for Trapshooting ensure competitors are on correct tracks and marks. For Skeet shooting ensure competitors are lined up in the correct order beside station one. For safety reasons, ask all shooters to check for obstructions in barrels.

2)    The Referee must stand where he has a clear view of targets and competitors.

(a)    For Trapshooting, preferably between lanes 2 and 3, approximately 2 metres behind the competitor’s shooting mark. If there is excessive background noise the Referee may move between lanes 2 and 4 in order to hear the competitors call so as to give all competitors equity of competition.
(b)    For Skeet shooting the referee should stand in the position indicated in the following field diagram.

3)    Describe the event and procedure for conduct of the event, eg “25 Target Single Barrel Championship, shot from 15 metres, 13 targets from trap 1 and 12 targets from trap 2.”

4)    The Referee should ask his scorer to stand close enough to him so that the Referee can see the score sheet, and the scorer can observe the target as a check Referee.

5)    Target to be shown by Referees,

(a)    For Trapshooting, one target shot not-to-count shall be offered to each shooter, for his first target, of a day. For Skeet shooting, one target from each house shall be offered.

(b)    When the competitors are all in position the Referee must release a target for the first shooter to look at on his call.

(i)    At the beginning of all events;
(ii)    After any breakdown or delay;
(iii)    At the commencement of all shoot-offs;
(iv)    On each trap used for a shoot-off;
(v)    After any break for shells etc during a shoot-off;
(vi)    If a competitor receives two broken targets in a row.

(c)    For Trapshooting, if it is a six man squad and there is to be 1 target per shooter eye-opener, number 6 shooter must move up to take the first target, but he must still be shown a target on his call before he shoots at his eye-opener target.

6)    The Referee must at all times ensure that the target is released immediately on the competitor’s call.

7)    The Referee must clearly call the result thus: one, two, lost, no target, as appropriate.

8)    Lost targets must be called immediately, and the Referee must change his decision if the target breaks before it hits the ground.

9)    The Referee is to see that the next shooter’s gun remains fully open until the result of the previous shot has been called. He should ensure that the competitor does not call and the target released before the result has been called, refer Rule 1.01e.

10)    At all times ensure that no competitor leaves a cartridge(s) in his gun after a red signal from the trap house (breakdown etc) and when moving from lane 5 to lane 1.

11)    A shooter must walk in front of the Referee when changing from lanes 1 to 5, taking care not to obstruct the Referee in the execution of his duties. From 5 to 1 he should walk behind where possible.

12)    The Referee must speak to a shooter immediately on any breach of the safety rules. If the rules of etiquette are broken the Referee should speak to the shooter concerned after the squad has finished, depending on the circumstances.

13)    In Single Barrel competition the Referee must ensure that one cartridge only is placed in the gun.

14)    The Referee must not restore a target if the competitor opens his gun after a malfunction. In the case of a malfunction the Referee shall visually check the safety catch is not in the on position and that the action is closed. He will request the shooter to test fire the gun once only. Under no circumstances will the Referee attempt to test fire the gun.

15)    The Referee should be mindful of the rule regarding squad members disturbing the competitor shooting.

16)    A Referee will not call "No Target" to deny a shooter the opportunity to shoot at a whole target unless a safety hazard exists. The shooter is the only person to decide if the target is acceptable to him.

17)    Interpretation of refusal rule:

(a)    A shooter may refuse to shoot at any target which he considers to be illegal.

(b)    There is no limit to the number of targets the shooter may refuse as long as the Referee agrees with the reasons. Obviously, if too many targets are refused for illegality, the Referee must find the cause, then correct it. If the Referee does not consider that the target refused is illegal, he will ask the shooter why he refused the target.

If the Referee is not satisfied with the reason he will tell the shooter. He will also state that any further targets which are refused, and are considered by the Referee to be legal will be scored “Lost Target”. If the above situation seems likely to arise, it is preferable that a third party, qualified if possible, adjudicates subsequent refusals.

The foregoing procedure in no way discriminates against Referees using their judgement, it is meant to assist in equity of competition. A major point missed by Referees is that although a shooter may refuse to shoot at an illegal target, he is equally entitled to accept an illegal target. However, if he shoots at and misses an illegal target, the only decision open to the Referee is “Lost Target”. Similarly, if he hits it “one” or “two” is scored, abide by result.

(c)    A Referee should not call “No Target” for a fast or slow released target, nor if the target seems to him to be too high, too low or too wide. “No Target” should only be called in the case of a broken target, a pair of targets emerging instead of a single (or vice versa), or where a safety hazard exists if a shooter elects to shoot at the target.

(d)    Referees are to ensure that “R” for refusal is entered on scorecards. Every refusal must be called either “No Target” or “Lost Target” by the Referee.

18)    The Referee is to see that all competitors remain as a squad until the last shooter has finished.

19)    At the completion of each visit to a trap the Referee must request competitors to unload their guns and check their scores.

Melbourne Gun Club

192 Victoria Road
Yering, 3770
Victoria, Australia.

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: www.MelbourneGunClub.com.au
Facebook: www.facebook.com/MelbourneGunClub

Club Facilities

The Melbourne Gun Club is one of the biggest and best equipped in Australasia. We regularly conduct competitions in International Sport Shooting Federation (ISSF) and Australian Clay Target Association (ACTA) disciplines.

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